Here is a collection of all the materials that can help you to understand the design philosophy of Nervos CKB in deep.
These are all the important papers the illustrate the design of CKB.
Nervos is initiated to be a community driven project. It uses a request for comment process for the community to propose changes to the Nervos protocol. In Nervos RFCs repo you can find all the related information and the existing RFCs.
Here you can find some blog posts that introduce features and designs of Nervos CKB.
Token Economic Model
Programming Model - Cell Model
Virtual Machine - CKB-VM
Consensus Algorithm - NC-Max
Here are some videos that introduce CKB components and designs.